China Good quality Custom Made CNC Milling Machines Outer Threaded Steel Spline Hollow Shaft with high quality

Product Description

HangZhou FRIMA is IATF16949 certificated manufacturer ,located in HangZhou,China.We are specialized in manufacturing custom-made precision Machining Components. We offer a wide range of manufacturing solutions, including machining, and stamping Our engineering team has rich experience in working in this field for many years.
We have professional quality control team which is built up by rich experienced QC & QA. They will monitor each process of production. Each component or part will go through our QA for final inspection and testing. Make sure every product is under customer’s requirement before CZPT customers.
Our focus is to close the gap and provide lower cost manufacturing throughout the world. Sourcing your parts with FRIMA is the closest thing to running your own manufacturing facility in China. We offer extreme flexibility for you and your project needs.

HangZhou FRIMA will provide you with the following benefits and advantages:

·More saving on manufacturing cost.
·State-of-the-art manufacturing facilities.
·On site manufacturing supervision for quality control.
·Bilingual engineers reporting on your project.
·Reasonable short lead time.

Equipments: CNC machining center, CNC Lathe, milling machine, normal lathe, grinding machine, wire-cut machine, height gauge, projector, and other precise ones.
Materials: Aluminum, Alloy steel, Stainless Steel, brass, etc.
About 80% of FRIMAI’s business is exported, and 20% domestic. FRIMAhas very strict quality control request and system based on IATF16949 management system.
Any enquiries and orders together with drawing or sample as well as investments are extremely welcomed. We sincerely wish to cooperate with your company and create brilliance.

Feature of CNC parts
1. Precision Cnc stainless steel parts strictly according to customer’s drawing, packing, and quality request
2. Tolerance: Can be kept at +/-0.005mm
3. The most advanced CMM inspector to ensure the quality
4. Experienced technology engineers and well-trained workers
5. Fast and timely delivery. Speedily&professional service
6. Quality assurance in accordance with PPAP-3 level system inIATF16949 

 

WMeasuring Facilties Quadratic Element,Height Gauge,Micrometer,Gauge Block,Needle Gauge,Plug gauge,Caliper,Screw Thread Gauge
Machining Facilities Machining Tolerance(mm) Mchining Precision(mm) Qty Self-owned
CNC Machining Centre 800×500 0.005-0.01 20pcs Head Plant
CNC Machining Centre 650×500 0.005-0.01 5pcs Head Plant
CNC Turning 750×40 0.015-0.005 20pcs Head Plant
Turning 750×250 0.01-0.02 10pcs Head Plant
Milling 1200×550 0.01-0.02 6pcs Head Plant
Grinding 160x360x280 0.005-0.01 4pcs Head Plant
Grinding 300×680 0.01 1pcs Head Plant
Wire-cutting 400×350 0.01-0.02 4pcs Head Plant

Material Available for CNC Turning Service

Material Stainless steel SS201 SS303 SS304 SS316 17-4PH SUS440C
Steel  Q235 20#-45#  etc
Brass  C36000(C26800)  C37700(HPb59) C38500(HP6 58) C27200(CuzN37)etc
Iron 1213 12L14 1215 etc
Bronze C51000 C52100 C5400etc
Aluminum Al6061 Al6063 Al7075 AL5052 etc
Alloy A2 D2 SKD11 DF2 XW/5 ASP-23

Terms and Conditions 

Our Processing CNC machining, CNC milling and turning, drilling, grinding, stamping, tapping, 
Surface finish Hard Coating/Black Anodize/ Clear Anodize/ Hard Chrome /Clear Zinc/Plasma Niride
Tolerance 0.005mm
QC System 100% inspection before shipment
Drawing format CAD / PDF/ DWG/ IGS/ STEP/So
Packaging Standard package / Carton box or Pallet / As per customized specifications
Testing equipment CMM (Coordinate Measuring Machine), Height gauge, Caliper,  Hardness tester, Roughness tester, Projector machine, Pin/Angle/Block/Plug/Thickness/Thread/Radius gauge, etc.
Trade terms EXW, FOB, CIF, As per the customer’s request
Shipment Terms 1) 0-100kg: express & air freight priority
2) >100kg: sea freight priority
3) As per customized specifications
Note All CNC machining parts are custom-made according to the customer’s drawings or samples, with no stock. If you have any CNC machining parts to be made, please feel free to send your kind drawings/samples to us anytime by email.
Surface Finish Anodized/Zinc/Nickle/ZiNi plating 

Our advantage:
11 years one-stop customized metal products factory.

We will complete different processing designs based on customers’ processing needs and combine different processing techniques to
give customers the best solutions such as CNC machining turning milling stamping forging extrusion casting bending welding etc.

ODM/OEM rapid service

We can do it you only need to provide your project drawings and samples and we can customize and manufacture for you.

Provide high-quality products at a competitive price

Customized processing can be obtained within 5 working days to obtain prototypes and small batch production parts to provide customers with
high-quality and low-cost CNC processed products.

 

Analytical Approaches to Estimating Contact Pressures in Spline Couplings

A spline coupling is a type of mechanical connection between 2 rotating shafts. It consists of 2 parts – a coupler and a coupling. Both parts have teeth which engage and transfer loads. However, spline couplings are typically over-dimensioned, which makes them susceptible to fatigue and static behavior. Wear phenomena can also cause the coupling to fail. For this reason, proper spline coupling design is essential for achieving optimum performance.
splineshaft

Modeling a spline coupling

Spline couplings are becoming increasingly popular in the aerospace industry, but they operate in a slightly misaligned state, causing both vibrations and damage to the contact surfaces. To solve this problem, this article offers analytical approaches for estimating the contact pressures in a spline coupling. Specifically, this article compares analytical approaches with pure numerical approaches to demonstrate the benefits of an analytical approach.
To model a spline coupling, first you create the knowledge base for the spline coupling. The knowledge base includes a large number of possible specification values, which are related to each other. If you modify 1 specification, it may lead to a warning for violating another. To make the design valid, you must create a spline coupling model that meets the specified specification values.
After you have modeled the geometry, you must enter the contact pressures of the 2 spline couplings. Then, you need to determine the position of the pitch circle of the spline. In Figure 2, the centre of the male coupling is superposed to that of the female spline. Then, you need to make sure that the alignment meshing distance of the 2 splines is the same.
Once you have the data you need to create a spline coupling model, you can begin by entering the specifications for the interface design. Once you have this data, you need to choose whether to optimize the internal spline or the external spline. You’ll also need to specify the tooth friction coefficient, which is used to determine the stresses in the spline coupling model 20. You should also enter the pilot clearance, which is the clearance between the tip 186 of a tooth 32 on 1 spline and the feature on the mating spline.
After you have entered the desired specifications for the external spline, you can enter the parameters for the internal spline. For example, you can enter the outer diameter limit 154 of the major snap 54 and the minor snap 56 of the internal spline. The values of these parameters are displayed in color-coded boxes on the Spline Inputs and Configuration GUI screen 80. Once the parameters are entered, you’ll be presented with a geometric representation of the spline coupling model 20.

Creating a spline coupling model 20

The spline coupling model 20 is created by a product model software program 10. The software validates the spline coupling model against a knowledge base of configuration-dependent specification constraints and relationships. This report is then input to the ANSYS stress analyzer program. It lists the spline coupling model 20’s geometric configurations and specification values for each feature. The spline coupling model 20 is automatically recreated every time the configuration or performance specifications of the spline coupling model 20 are modified.
The spline coupling model 20 can be configured using the product model software program 10. A user specifies the axial length of the spline stack, which may be zero, or a fixed length. The user also enters a radial mating face 148, if any, and selects a pilot clearance specification value of 14.5 degrees or 30 degrees.
A user can then use the mouse 110 to modify the spline coupling model 20. The spline coupling knowledge base contains a large number of possible specification values and the spline coupling design rule. If the user tries to change a spline coupling model, the model will show a warning about a violation of another specification. In some cases, the modification may invalidate the design.
In the spline coupling model 20, the user enters additional performance requirement specifications. The user chooses the locations where maximum torque is transferred for the internal and external splines 38 and 40. The maximum torque transfer location is determined by the attachment configuration of the hardware to the shafts. Once this is selected, the user can click “Next” to save the model. A preview of the spline coupling model 20 is displayed.
The model 20 is a representation of a spline coupling. The spline specifications are entered in the order and arrangement as specified on the spline coupling model 20 GUI screen. Once the spline coupling specifications are entered, the product model software program 10 will incorporate them into the spline coupling model 20. This is the last step in spline coupling model creation.
splineshaft

Analysing a spline coupling model 20

An analysis of a spline coupling model consists of inputting its configuration and performance specifications. These specifications may be generated from another computer program. The product model software program 10 then uses its internal knowledge base of configuration dependent specification relationships and constraints to create a valid three-dimensional parametric model 20. This model contains information describing the number and types of spline teeth 32, snaps 34, and shoulder 36.
When you are analysing a spline coupling, the software program 10 will include default values for various specifications. The spline coupling model 20 comprises an internal spline 38 and an external spline 40. Each of the splines includes its own set of parameters, such as its depth, width, length, and radii. The external spline 40 will also contain its own set of parameters, such as its orientation.
Upon selecting these parameters, the software program will perform various analyses on the spline coupling model 20. The software program 10 calculates the nominal and maximal tooth bearing stresses and fatigue life of a spline coupling. It will also determine the difference in torsional windup between an internal and an external spline. The output file from the analysis will be a report file containing model configuration and specification data. The output file may also be used by other computer programs for further analysis.
Once these parameters are set, the user enters the design criteria for the spline coupling model 20. In this step, the user specifies the locations of maximum torque transfer for both the external and internal spline 38. The maximum torque transfer location depends on the configuration of the hardware attached to the shafts. The user may enter up to 4 different performance requirement specifications for each spline.
The results of the analysis show that there are 2 phases of spline coupling. The first phase shows a large increase in stress and vibration. The second phase shows a decline in both stress and vibration levels. The third stage shows a constant meshing force between 300N and 320N. This behavior continues for a longer period of time, until the final stage engages with the surface.
splineshaft

Misalignment of a spline coupling

A study aimed to investigate the position of the resultant contact force in a spline coupling engaging teeth under a steady torque and rotating misalignment. The study used numerical methods based on Finite Element Method (FEM) models. It produced numerical results for nominal conditions and parallel offset misalignment. The study considered 2 levels of misalignment – 0.02 mm and 0.08 mm – with different loading levels.
The results showed that the misalignment between the splines and rotors causes a change in the meshing force of the spline-rotor coupling system. Its dynamics is governed by the meshing force of splines. The meshing force of a misaligned spline coupling is related to the rotor-spline coupling system parameters, the transmitting torque, and the dynamic vibration displacement.
Despite the lack of precise measurements, the misalignment of splines is a common problem. This problem is compounded by the fact that splines usually feature backlash. This backlash is the result of the misaligned spline. The authors analyzed several splines, varying pitch diameters, and length/diameter ratios.
A spline coupling is a two-dimensional mechanical system, which has positive backlash. The spline coupling is comprised of a hub and shaft, and has tip-to-root clearances that are larger than the backlash. A form-clearance is sufficient to prevent tip-to-root fillet contact. The torque on the splines is transmitted via friction.
When a spline coupling is misaligned, a torque-biased thrust force is generated. In such a situation, the force can exceed the torque, causing the component to lose its alignment. The two-way transmission of torque and thrust is modeled analytically in the present study. The analytical approach provides solutions that can be integrated into the design process. So, the next time you are faced with a misaligned spline coupling problem, make sure to use an analytical approach!
In this study, the spline coupling is analyzed under nominal conditions without a parallel offset misalignment. The stiffness values obtained are the percentage difference between the nominal pitch diameter and load application diameter. Moreover, the maximum percentage difference in the measured pitch diameter is 1.60% under a torque of 5000 N*m. The other parameter, the pitch angle, is taken into consideration in the calculation.

China Good quality Custom Made CNC Milling Machines Outer Threaded Steel Spline Hollow Shaft     with high qualityChina Good quality Custom Made CNC Milling Machines Outer Threaded Steel Spline Hollow Shaft     with high quality

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