China high quality S45c Forged Spline Shaft with Chrome Plating Surface Treatment

Product Description

Product Description

structural carbon steel :45# with details in under sheet :

Standard No. Alloy No. Chemical compositions(%)
C Cr Mn Ni P Si
GB/T699-1999 45# 0.42~0.50 ≤0.25 0.50~0.80 ≤0.25 ≤0.035 ≤0.035 0.17~0.37
Mechanical
Property
Tensile Strength(Mpa) Yeild Strength(Mpa) Elongation(%) Contraction of area Z(%)
≥600 ≥355 ≥16 ≥40

The correlation between properties and parameters-S45C (JIS)-SAE1045(Aisi)-SM45 of No. 45 steel(45 steel) was studied:
No. 45 steel is a carbon structural steel with 0.45% carboncontent. It is characterized by low price, good cutting performance, high hardness after quenching, good strength, toughness and wear resistance after quenching and temperingtreatment, is widely used in manufacturing structural partsand low-grade plastic mold. “45 steel” is a popular name, thesymbol is generally recorded as”45 #”. In fact GB standardsteel number is”45″, it is not a sequential number, read as”45steel” is not very accurate. Ingredient code 45 steels of similar designation are S45C (JIS) and 1045(Aisi) . In addition, ourcountry metallurgical technology standard has SM45 brandnumber to express the plastic mold use specially. Comparedwith 45 steel, SM45 has lower phosphorus and sulfur contentand better steel purity.

Standards YB/T 094 AISI JIS G4051
Alloy No. SM45 1045 S45C
C 0.42-0.48 0.43-0.50 0.42-0.48
Si 0.17-0.37   0.15-0.35
Mn 0.50-0.80 0.60-0.90 0.60-0.90
P <0.030 <0.030 <0.030
S <0.035 <0.035 <0.035

Recommended process specification for heat treatment andhardness: quenching temperature 820 – 860″ C, water-oroil-cooled, hardness 250 HRC. Recommended tempering pro-cess specifcation: tempering temperature is 500 – 560″ C, aircooling, hardness is 25 – 33HRC. Tempering in this temperature range is the tempering treatment, Quenching and tempering make the strength, plasticity and toughness of 45 steelget a good balance, the comprehensive performance is good,can adapt to the alternating load environment. After quench-ing and tempering, the surface hardness of 45 steel is low anddoes not wear well. So commonly used quenching and tempering + surface quenching to improve the surface hardnessof parts.

Tempering temperature After quenching Unit centigrade
200 300 400 500 550 600
Hardness
HRC
57 55 50 41 33 26 22

 

Mechanical properties (GB/T 699-1999)
Sample size mm 25
Heat treatments recommended Normalizing ºC 850
Quenching ºC 840
Tempering ºC 600
Mechanical properties Tensile strongth Mpa ≥600
Strong yield Mpa ≥355
Elongation Mpa ≥16
Section shrinkago Mpa ≥40
Impact Mpa ≥39
Hardness of delivery   HB ≤229
  HB ≤197

 

Main Products

 

 

 

Company Profile

ZheJiang Xihu (West Lake) Dis. Equipment Manufacturing Co, Ltd., located in HangZhou City, ZheJiang Province, is a steel forging manufacturing enterprise specializing in the production of forged round steel, square steel, shaft forgings, ring forgings, cylinder forgings, and forging processing, heat treatment, mechanical processing, and finished parts processing. 0.75 tons to 30 tons of ingot steel can also be supplied. The company has a strong special steel supply channel as support, especially in the special steel forgings more resource advantages, products include “chromium-nick- el-molybdenum steel, bonded steel, carbon steel, stainless steel, spring steel, bearing steel, rolls and other series.”Our company can also ensure flaw detection at all levels according to customer requirements and provide quality certification documents.

Forging Equipment
The main equipment is 2000 tons of hydraulic press, ring rolling machine, 3 tons of forging hammer, 2 tons of forging hammer, 1 ton forging hammer, 750KG forging hammer, 30T heat treatment and temper- ing furnace, lathe, sawing machine and other more than 30 sets of equipment, which can produce

forgings weighing 20Kg-20000Kg. Products are not only widely used in domestic large locomotives, coal machines, petroleum machinery, shipbuilding and other industries, but also exported to Europe, South- east Asia, and other countries and regions, forging products using advanced production technology

“high-power electric CHINAMFG (EF)furnace external refining (LF) vacuum degassing (VD) fast forging annealing (or normalizing) turning, Ensure chemical composition and mechanical property require-ments.

 

FAQ

 

  • What is the difference between forging and casting?

    Forging: It is the process of transforming a CHINAMFG from 1 shape to another. Casting: It is the process of transforming a shapeless liquid metal into a CHINAMFG with a shape. The so-called casting is the process of casting molten metal into a model to obtain a casting. The casting profession focuses on the metal melting process and the control of processes during the casting process. Forging is a plastic forming process in the CHINAMFG state, which can be divided into hot processing and cold processing. Forgings include extrusion, drawing, roughening, punching, and so on. Casting is a CHINAMFG liquid CHINAMFG process, while forging is a CHINAMFG to CHINAMFG process where a CHINAMFG can change its shape into another shape at high temperatures. There are still differences in the shape process and process of the two.

  • How to choose high-quality forgings?

    In the quality inspection of forgings, there are mainly external observation methods and internal inspection methods. The appearance method, as the name suggests, is to observe the appearance of the product, such as the shape, geometric dimensions, surface condition, etc. of the forging, in order to understand whether it meets the standards and whether there are external defects. Specifically, it is to check whether the external dimensions of the forging meet the specifications and whether there are defects on the surface, such as cracks, wrinkles, bubbles, indentations, pits, impurities, scratches, etc. on the surface of the forging. Internal testing mainly involves analyzing the chemical composition, macroscopic and microscopic structures, and mechanical properties of forgings. This inspection process requires the use of specialized instruments for high magnification inspection, with the aim of checking for any phenomena such as fractures and shrinkage within the forging, as well as defects such as dendrites and white spots, disordered flow lines, and throughflow. It also includes the tensile strength, ductility, hardness, plasticity, and heat resistance temperature of the forging.

  • What are the characteristics of the forging process for blank forgings?

    The forging process of circular forgings mainly consists of the following processes: pier roughening, elongation, punching, and expanding. The difference between free forging and ring rolling processes is mainly in the process of expanding holes. In the production of ring forgings, free forging is usually used to expand the hole with a horse screw, while ring rolling is mainly used to expand the hole with rolling.

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Processing Object: Metal
Molding Style: Forging
Molding Technics: Hot Forging
Application: Machinery Parts
Material: Steel
Heat Treatment: Tempering
Samples:
US$ 1100/Ton
1 Ton(Min.Order)

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Customization:
Available

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spline shaft

How does the design of a spline shaft affect its performance?

The design of a spline shaft plays a crucial role in determining its performance characteristics. Here’s a detailed explanation:

1. Torque Transmission:

The design of the spline shaft directly affects its ability to transmit torque efficiently. Factors such as the spline profile, number of splines, and engagement length influence the torque-carrying capacity of the shaft. A well-designed spline profile with optimized dimensions ensures maximum contact area and load distribution, resulting in improved torque transmission.

2. Load Distribution:

A properly designed spline shaft distributes the applied load evenly across the engagement surfaces. This helps to minimize stress concentrations and prevents localized wear or failure. The design should consider factors such as spline profile geometry, tooth form, and surface finish to achieve optimal load distribution and enhance the overall performance of the shaft.

3. Misalignment Compensation:

Spline shafts can accommodate a certain degree of misalignment between the mating components. The design of the spline profile can incorporate features that allow for angular or parallel misalignment, ensuring effective power transmission even under misaligned conditions. Proper design considerations help maintain smooth operation and prevent excessive stress or premature failure.

4. Torsional Stiffness:

The design of the spline shaft influences its torsional stiffness, which is the resistance to twisting under torque. A stiffer shaft design reduces torsional deflection, improves torque response, and enhances the system’s overall performance. The shaft material, diameter, and spline profile all contribute to achieving the desired torsional stiffness.

5. Fatigue Resistance:

The design of the spline shaft should consider fatigue resistance to ensure long-term durability. Fatigue failure can occur due to repeated or cyclic loading. Proper design practices, such as optimizing the spline profile, selecting appropriate materials, and incorporating suitable surface treatments, can enhance the fatigue resistance of the shaft and extend its service life.

6. Surface Finish and Lubrication:

The surface finish of the spline shaft and the lubrication used significantly impact its performance. A smooth surface finish reduces friction, wear, and the potential for corrosion. Proper lubrication ensures adequate film formation, reduces heat generation, and minimizes wear. The design should incorporate considerations for surface finish requirements and lubrication provisions to optimize the shaft’s performance.

7. Environmental Considerations:

The design should take into account the specific environmental conditions in which the spline shaft will operate. Factors such as temperature, humidity, exposure to chemicals, or abrasive particles can affect the shaft’s performance and longevity. Suitable material selection, surface treatments, and sealing mechanisms can be incorporated into the design to withstand the environmental challenges.

8. Manufacturing Feasibility:

The design of the spline shaft should also consider manufacturing feasibility and cost-effectiveness. Complex designs may be challenging to produce or require specialized manufacturing processes, resulting in increased production costs. Balancing design complexity with manufacturability is crucial to ensure a practical and efficient manufacturing process.

By considering these design factors, engineers can optimize the performance of spline shafts, resulting in enhanced torque transmission, improved load distribution, misalignment compensation, torsional stiffness, fatigue resistance, surface finish, and environmental compatibility. A well-designed spline shaft contributes to the overall efficiency, reliability, and longevity of the mechanical system in which it is used.

spline shaft

How do spline shafts handle variations in load capacity and weight?

Spline shafts are designed to handle variations in load capacity and weight in mechanical systems. Here’s how they accomplish this:

1. Material Selection:

Spline shafts are typically made from high-strength materials such as steel or alloy, chosen for their ability to withstand heavy loads and provide durability. The selection of materials takes into account factors such as tensile strength, yield strength, and fatigue resistance to ensure the shaft can handle variations in load capacity and weight.

2. Engineering Design:

Spline shafts are designed with consideration for the anticipated loads and weights they will encounter. The dimensions, profile, and number of splines are determined based on the expected torque requirements and the magnitude of the applied loads. By carefully engineering the design, spline shafts can handle variations in load capacity and weight while maintaining structural integrity and reliable performance.

3. Load Distribution:

The interlocking engagement of spline shafts allows for effective load distribution along the length of the shaft. This helps distribute the applied loads evenly, preventing localized stress concentrations and minimizing the risk of deformation or failure. By distributing the load, spline shafts can handle variations in load capacity and weight without compromising their performance.

4. Structural Reinforcement:

In applications with higher load capacities or heavier weights, spline shafts may incorporate additional structural features to enhance their strength. This can include thicker spline teeth, larger spline diameters, or reinforced sections along the shaft. By reinforcing critical areas, spline shafts can handle increased loads and weights while maintaining their integrity.

5. Lubrication and Surface Treatment:

Proper lubrication is essential for spline shafts to handle variations in load capacity and weight. Lubricants reduce friction between the mating surfaces, minimizing wear and preventing premature failure. Additionally, surface treatments such as coatings or heat treatments can enhance the hardness and wear resistance of the spline shaft, improving its ability to handle varying loads and weights.

6. Testing and Validation:

Spline shafts undergo rigorous testing and validation to ensure they meet the specified load capacity and weight requirements. This may involve laboratory testing, simulation analysis, or field testing under real-world conditions. By subjecting spline shafts to thorough testing, manufacturers can verify their performance and ensure they can handle variations in load capacity and weight.

Overall, spline shafts are designed and engineered to handle variations in load capacity and weight by utilizing appropriate materials, optimizing the design, distributing loads effectively, incorporating structural reinforcement when necessary, implementing proper lubrication and surface treatments, and conducting thorough testing and validation. These measures enable spline shafts to reliably transmit torque and handle varying loads in diverse mechanical applications.

spline shaft

Can you explain the common applications of spline shafts in machinery?

Spline shafts have various common applications in machinery where torque transmission, relative movement, and load distribution are essential. Here’s a detailed explanation:

1. Gearboxes and Transmissions:

Spline shafts are commonly used in gearboxes and transmissions where they facilitate the transmission of torque from the input shaft to the output shaft. The splines on the shaft engage with corresponding splines on the gears, allowing for precise torque transfer and accommodating relative movement between the gears.

2. Power Take-Off (PTO) Units:

In agricultural and industrial machinery, spline shafts are employed in power take-off (PTO) units. PTO units allow the transfer of power from the engine to auxiliary equipment, such as pumps, generators, or farm implements. Spline shafts enable the torque transfer and accommodate the relative movement required for PTO operation.

3. Steering Systems:

Spline shafts play a crucial role in steering systems, especially in vehicles. They are used in steering columns to transmit torque from the steering wheel to the steering rack or gearbox. The splines on the shaft ensure precise torque transfer while allowing for the axial movement required for steering wheel adjustment.

4. Machine Tools:

Spline shafts find applications in machine tools such as milling machines, lathes, and grinding machines. They are used to transmit torque and enable the relative movement required for tool positioning, feed control, and spindle rotation. Spline shafts ensure accurate and controlled movement of the machine tool components.

5. Industrial Pumps and Compressors:

Spline shafts are utilized in various types of pumps and compressors, including centrifugal pumps, gear pumps, and reciprocating compressors. They transmit torque from the driver (such as an electric motor or an engine) to the impeller or rotor, enabling fluid or gas transfer. Spline shafts accommodate the axial or radial movement caused by thermal expansion or misalignment.

6. Printing and Packaging Machinery:

Spline shafts are integral components in printing and packaging machinery. They are used in processes such as web handling, where precise torque transmission and relative movement are required for tasks like tension control, registration, and material feeding. Spline shafts ensure accurate and synchronized movement of the printing and packaging elements.

7. Aerospace and Defense Systems:

In the aerospace and defense industries, spline shafts are utilized in various applications, including aircraft landing gear systems, missile guidance systems, and helicopter rotor systems. They enable torque transmission, accommodate relative movement, and ensure precise control in critical aerospace and defense mechanisms.

8. Construction and Earthmoving Equipment:

Spline shafts are employed in construction and earthmoving equipment, such as excavators, bulldozers, and loaders. They are used in hydraulic systems to transmit torque from the hydraulic motor to the driven components, such as the digger arm or the bucket. Spline shafts enable efficient power transfer and allow for the articulation and movement of the equipment.

These are just a few examples of the common applications of spline shafts in machinery. Their versatility, torque transmission capabilities, and ability to accommodate relative movement make them essential components in various industries where precise power transfer and flexibility are required.

China high quality S45c Forged Spline Shaft with Chrome Plating Surface Treatment  China high quality S45c Forged Spline Shaft with Chrome Plating Surface Treatment
editor by CX 2024-04-11

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