China manufacturer Forging and CNC Spur Gear Shaft with Spline Forged Shafts with Best Sales

Product Description

Your customized parts,Customized solutions
Company profiles
We established in 2571 year, named Xihu (West Lake) Dis. Tongyong Machinery Company. In 2019 renamed HangZhou Hejess Machinery Co.,Ltd and established new plants. 
We are mainly engaged in the designing and manufacturing of steel machinery components and non-standard machinery parts, including shafts, flange, gears, rings, sheaves, couplings, bearing supports,  and forgings etc.

Production Parameter
 

  • Material: Alloy steel,Carbon steel,Carburizing steel,Quenched and tempered steel
  • Heat treatment: Normalizing,Annealing,Quenching&Tempering,Surface Quenching, Induction hardening
  • Machining: CNC Turning,CNC Milling,CNC Boring,CNC Grinding,CNC Drilling
  • Gear Machining: Gear Hobbing,Gear Milling,CNC Gear Milling,Gear Cutting,Spiral gear cutting,
  • Gear Cutting
  • Inspection: Chemical Composition Test,Ultrasonic Test,Penetration Test,Radiographic Test,

Magnetic Test,Tensile Strength Test,Impact Test,Hardness Test,Dimension Test.

We can provide forging from 1kg to 5Ton. And make precison machining. Also have welding and assembly capabilities.

Quality Control
Product quality is what we are paying great attention to all the time. Each product is produced under careful control at every process and inspected by experienced engineers strictly according to the related standards and customer requirements, ensuring the super performance of our goods when arrive at customer.
Ø Production Flow Chart
1, Order Analyzing
    Know requirements of raw material, chemical composition, Mechanical properties.
    Analyzing how to forging and how to make heat treatment.
2, Raw material.
    Use which raw material, plate, round bar, steel ingot.
   According your parts, choose the best cost performance one.
   If you required special material, will customized from steel factory.
   Customized raw material according your requirments.
3, Forging
    Make forging process chart and forging form
    Make forging drawing
    Make 3D drawing
    Make forging mould
4, Pre –  forging
5, Finish – forging
Natural gas heating furnaces are monitored and controlled by computer programs to ensure precise heating within set time and temperature range as required.
A broad range of forging equipment,including friction press, hudraulic hammer, forging hammers.With the aids od intelligent software,proper deformation,forging ration,ingot size and weight,forging tooling and equipment will be determined to ensure the wrought structure through hout and sound quality.
6, Pre- machining
7, Make UT (ultrasonic) inspection.
8, Make heat treatment
9, Inspect hardness and mechanical properties.
10, Make precision machining / finished machining.
      Use CNC machining center, CNC milling, CNC boring, CNC grinding
11, Inspect dimenssions.
12, Protecting and packing.

Main market :  America, Australia, Malaysia,Israel,Britain, Russia,Canada, ect.

Services : The services we can provide are : FOB, CIF, DAP. Only give me the drawings and requirements, you will receive the goods at your home.
 Wehas accumulated rich knowledge and experience in the producing and exporting. Familar every process, when metting problems, be able to find a solution timely.

Excellent service attitude, fast reaction speed, on-time delivery, consciousness of responsibility and flexibility is what we are practicing from the very beginning, combining with high credit, competitive price, close interaction with customer and innovative way of working, make us win more and more business and excellent customer satisfaction.
To choose us, HangZhou CZPT Machinery, as your business partner, never will you find you are wrong!

PRODUCTION DETAILS

Technology : Free forging / Open forging / Die forging / closed forging / Impression die forging / Flashless forging / multi-ram forging / multidirectional die forging / precision forging / croe forging / combination forging / extrusion forging / roll forging / reducer rolling / ring rolling /  open die forging / flat die forging / loose tooling forging
Material Standard : ISO / DIN / W-Nr / BS / EN / ASTM / ASME / AISI / UNS / SAE / JIS / SS/ NF / GOST / OCT / GB
Material Type: Austenilic Ni-Cr Stainless Steel / Austenitic Alloy Steel / Austenitic Stainless Stee / Axle Shaft Steel /  Bar Steel / Bearing Steel / Bolting Steel / Carbon And Low-Alloy Steel Vessels / Carbon Steel / Carbon Tool Steel /  Carbon-Containing Alloy Steel / Case-Hardened Steel / Cast Steel / Cast-Steel Pipe / Centrifugal Steel / Centrifuge(D) Steel / Channel Steel  / Chilled Hardened Steel / Chrome Hardened Steel / Chrome-Carbon Steel  / Chrome-Molybdenum Steel  / Chrome-Nickel Steel / Closed Die Steel / Coating Steel Pipe / Die Steel / Drawing Steel / Extra-High-Tensile Steel / Fabricated Steel /  Ferritic Stainless Steel  / Ferritic Steel / Figured Steel / Fine Steel / Flange Steel / Groove Steel / Hard Alloy Steel /  High Alloy Steel / High Boron Steel / High Carbon Steel / High Chrome Alloy Steel / High Manganese Steel / High Nickel-Chrome Steel

 

Show the production process as below photos:

Our Products Catalogue
 

Products Catalogue
Item Application Technical Material Picture Market
1 Lift Rod Forging – heat treatment –  CNC machining – CNC Grinding Alloy steel Australia
2 Eccentric shaft Forging – heat treatment –  CNC machining – CNC Grinding Alloy steel Britain
3 Pin shaft Forging – heat treatment –  CNC machining Alloy steel USA
4 Spindle Forging – heat treatment –  CNC machining – CNC Grinding Alloy steel Germany
5 Step shaft Forging – heat treatment –  CNC machining Alloy steel Peru
6 Long shaft Forging – heat treatment –  CNC machining – CNC Grinding Alloy steel Ukraine
7 Big head shaft Forging – heat treatment –  CNC machining Alloy steel Israel
8 Hollow shaft Forging – heat treatment –  CNC machining Custom Alloy steel Singapore
9 Zinc plating flange Forging – heat treatment –  CNC machining – Zinc plating Alloy steel Australia
10 Spline shaft Forging – heat treatment –  CNC machining Alloy steel Singapore
11 Gear Shaft Forging – heat treatment –  CNC machining – Surface Quenching Alloy steel Russia
12 Gear Forging – heat treatment –  CNC machining Alloy steel Russia
13 Ring Forging – heat treatment –  CNC machining Alloy steel USA
14 Ring Forging – heat treatment –  CNC machining Alloy steel Malaysia
15 Half ring Forging – heat treatment –  CNC machining Alloy steel Malaysia
16 Cylinder Forging – heat treatment –  CNC machining Alloy steel Iran
17 Flange Forging – heat treatment –  CNC machining Alloy steel USA
18 Groove ring Forging – heat treatment –  CNC machining Alloy steel USA
19 Flange shaft Forging – heat treatment –  CNC machining Alloy steel USA
20 Flange Forging – heat treatment –  CNC machining Alloy steel USA
21 Pin shaft Forging – heat treatment –  CNC machining Alloy steel USA
22 Shaft Forging – heat treatment –  CNC machining Alloy steel USA
23 Square flange Forging – heat treatment –  CNC machining Alloy steel USA    Britain 
24 Nut Forging – heat treatment –  CNC machining Alloy steel USA
25 Flange Forging – heat treatment –  CNC machining Alloy steel USA
26 Flange Forging – heat treatment –  CNC machining Alloy steel USA
27 Forks Wire cutting – heat treatment – CNC machining Alloy steel USA
28 Closed die forging part Forging – CNC machining Alloy steel USA
29 Closed die forging part Forging – CNC machining Alloy steel USA
30 Closed die forging part Forging – CNC machining Alloy steel USA

Analytical Approaches to Estimating Contact Pressures in Spline Couplings

A spline coupling is a type of mechanical connection between 2 rotating shafts. It consists of 2 parts – a coupler and a coupling. Both parts have teeth which engage and transfer loads. However, spline couplings are typically over-dimensioned, which makes them susceptible to fatigue and static behavior. Wear phenomena can also cause the coupling to fail. For this reason, proper spline coupling design is essential for achieving optimum performance.
splineshaft

Modeling a spline coupling

Spline couplings are becoming increasingly popular in the aerospace industry, but they operate in a slightly misaligned state, causing both vibrations and damage to the contact surfaces. To solve this problem, this article offers analytical approaches for estimating the contact pressures in a spline coupling. Specifically, this article compares analytical approaches with pure numerical approaches to demonstrate the benefits of an analytical approach.
To model a spline coupling, first you create the knowledge base for the spline coupling. The knowledge base includes a large number of possible specification values, which are related to each other. If you modify 1 specification, it may lead to a warning for violating another. To make the design valid, you must create a spline coupling model that meets the specified specification values.
After you have modeled the geometry, you must enter the contact pressures of the 2 spline couplings. Then, you need to determine the position of the pitch circle of the spline. In Figure 2, the centre of the male coupling is superposed to that of the female spline. Then, you need to make sure that the alignment meshing distance of the 2 splines is the same.
Once you have the data you need to create a spline coupling model, you can begin by entering the specifications for the interface design. Once you have this data, you need to choose whether to optimize the internal spline or the external spline. You’ll also need to specify the tooth friction coefficient, which is used to determine the stresses in the spline coupling model 20. You should also enter the pilot clearance, which is the clearance between the tip 186 of a tooth 32 on 1 spline and the feature on the mating spline.
After you have entered the desired specifications for the external spline, you can enter the parameters for the internal spline. For example, you can enter the outer diameter limit 154 of the major snap 54 and the minor snap 56 of the internal spline. The values of these parameters are displayed in color-coded boxes on the Spline Inputs and Configuration GUI screen 80. Once the parameters are entered, you’ll be presented with a geometric representation of the spline coupling model 20.

Creating a spline coupling model 20

The spline coupling model 20 is created by a product model software program 10. The software validates the spline coupling model against a knowledge base of configuration-dependent specification constraints and relationships. This report is then input to the ANSYS stress analyzer program. It lists the spline coupling model 20’s geometric configurations and specification values for each feature. The spline coupling model 20 is automatically recreated every time the configuration or performance specifications of the spline coupling model 20 are modified.
The spline coupling model 20 can be configured using the product model software program 10. A user specifies the axial length of the spline stack, which may be zero, or a fixed length. The user also enters a radial mating face 148, if any, and selects a pilot clearance specification value of 14.5 degrees or 30 degrees.
A user can then use the mouse 110 to modify the spline coupling model 20. The spline coupling knowledge base contains a large number of possible specification values and the spline coupling design rule. If the user tries to change a spline coupling model, the model will show a warning about a violation of another specification. In some cases, the modification may invalidate the design.
In the spline coupling model 20, the user enters additional performance requirement specifications. The user chooses the locations where maximum torque is transferred for the internal and external splines 38 and 40. The maximum torque transfer location is determined by the attachment configuration of the hardware to the shafts. Once this is selected, the user can click “Next” to save the model. A preview of the spline coupling model 20 is displayed.
The model 20 is a representation of a spline coupling. The spline specifications are entered in the order and arrangement as specified on the spline coupling model 20 GUI screen. Once the spline coupling specifications are entered, the product model software program 10 will incorporate them into the spline coupling model 20. This is the last step in spline coupling model creation.
splineshaft

Analysing a spline coupling model 20

An analysis of a spline coupling model consists of inputting its configuration and performance specifications. These specifications may be generated from another computer program. The product model software program 10 then uses its internal knowledge base of configuration dependent specification relationships and constraints to create a valid three-dimensional parametric model 20. This model contains information describing the number and types of spline teeth 32, snaps 34, and shoulder 36.
When you are analysing a spline coupling, the software program 10 will include default values for various specifications. The spline coupling model 20 comprises an internal spline 38 and an external spline 40. Each of the splines includes its own set of parameters, such as its depth, width, length, and radii. The external spline 40 will also contain its own set of parameters, such as its orientation.
Upon selecting these parameters, the software program will perform various analyses on the spline coupling model 20. The software program 10 calculates the nominal and maximal tooth bearing stresses and fatigue life of a spline coupling. It will also determine the difference in torsional windup between an internal and an external spline. The output file from the analysis will be a report file containing model configuration and specification data. The output file may also be used by other computer programs for further analysis.
Once these parameters are set, the user enters the design criteria for the spline coupling model 20. In this step, the user specifies the locations of maximum torque transfer for both the external and internal spline 38. The maximum torque transfer location depends on the configuration of the hardware attached to the shafts. The user may enter up to 4 different performance requirement specifications for each spline.
The results of the analysis show that there are 2 phases of spline coupling. The first phase shows a large increase in stress and vibration. The second phase shows a decline in both stress and vibration levels. The third stage shows a constant meshing force between 300N and 320N. This behavior continues for a longer period of time, until the final stage engages with the surface.
splineshaft

Misalignment of a spline coupling

A study aimed to investigate the position of the resultant contact force in a spline coupling engaging teeth under a steady torque and rotating misalignment. The study used numerical methods based on Finite Element Method (FEM) models. It produced numerical results for nominal conditions and parallel offset misalignment. The study considered 2 levels of misalignment – 0.02 mm and 0.08 mm – with different loading levels.
The results showed that the misalignment between the splines and rotors causes a change in the meshing force of the spline-rotor coupling system. Its dynamics is governed by the meshing force of splines. The meshing force of a misaligned spline coupling is related to the rotor-spline coupling system parameters, the transmitting torque, and the dynamic vibration displacement.
Despite the lack of precise measurements, the misalignment of splines is a common problem. This problem is compounded by the fact that splines usually feature backlash. This backlash is the result of the misaligned spline. The authors analyzed several splines, varying pitch diameters, and length/diameter ratios.
A spline coupling is a two-dimensional mechanical system, which has positive backlash. The spline coupling is comprised of a hub and shaft, and has tip-to-root clearances that are larger than the backlash. A form-clearance is sufficient to prevent tip-to-root fillet contact. The torque on the splines is transmitted via friction.
When a spline coupling is misaligned, a torque-biased thrust force is generated. In such a situation, the force can exceed the torque, causing the component to lose its alignment. The two-way transmission of torque and thrust is modeled analytically in the present study. The analytical approach provides solutions that can be integrated into the design process. So, the next time you are faced with a misaligned spline coupling problem, make sure to use an analytical approach!
In this study, the spline coupling is analyzed under nominal conditions without a parallel offset misalignment. The stiffness values obtained are the percentage difference between the nominal pitch diameter and load application diameter. Moreover, the maximum percentage difference in the measured pitch diameter is 1.60% under a torque of 5000 N*m. The other parameter, the pitch angle, is taken into consideration in the calculation.

China manufacturer Forging and CNC Spur Gear Shaft with Spline Forged Shafts     with Best SalesChina manufacturer Forging and CNC Spur Gear Shaft with Spline Forged Shafts     with Best Sales

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